A Better Place: Death and Burial in Nineteenth-Century Ontario

By Susan Smart

A larger Place describes the practices round loss of life and burial in 19th-century Ontario. Funeral rituals, robust spiritual ideals, and an organization conviction that dying was once a starting now not an finish helped the bereaved via their instances of loss in a century the place loss of life used to be consistently shut at hand.

The booklet describes the pioneer funeral intimately in addition to the standards that modified this straightforward funeral into the flowery etiquette-driven Victorian funeral on the finish of the century. It contains the assets of assorted funeral customs, together with the origins of embalming that gave upward thrust to the modern day funeral parlour. The evolution of cemeteries is defined with the beginnings of cemeteries in particular cities given as examples.

An realizing of those altering burial rites, a lot of which would appear unusual to us this day, is worthy for the kin historian. moreover, the ebook comprises sensible feedback for locating demise and burial documents during the century.

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Ibid. , 341. 31. Poole, A cartoon of the Early cost … and so on, sixty eight. 32. Ibid. , 108. bankruptcy 7 The institution of Cemeteries in Toronto Our existence, how brief — a groan, a sigh we are living, after which start to die; yet O! how nice a mercy this, That death’s a portal into bliss. [1] again IN 1788, THE BRITISH determined to set up a city on Lake Ontario, simply west of the Don River, and known as it Toronto. The identify of the city used to be replaced in 1793 to York, in honour of the Duke of York who had gained a decisive conflict over the French in Europe. the 1st authentic plan of York was once made in 1793. at the moment the most thoroughfare was once King highway. York used to be essentially an army garrison, due to the fact that a wide percent of the inhabitants used to be 2 hundred Queen’s Rangers positioned at citadel York. A French duke, traveling in the course of the sector in 1795, chanced on “about twelve homes in York, mainly positioned alongside the Bay close to the Don. ”[2] In 1796, the capital of higher Canada moved from Newark to York and in 1797, the legislature of higher Canada met at York for the 1st time. York built slowly in the course of the flip of the 19th century as tradesmen and retailers progressively arrange store and unfold westward alongside the shore towards the garrison. at the moment town used to be by no means various hundred toes from the lakeshore. [3] William Canniff, in his booklet The cost of higher Canada, costs from the memoirs of Mrs. Breckenridge, whose father and relatives arrived in York in 1798. York was once defined as “a dreary dismal position, no longer even owning the features of a village. there has been no church, school-house, nor actually any of the normal symptoms of civilization, being actually an insignificant payment. there has been now not even a Methodist chapel, nor does she be mindful a couple of store. there has been no lodge; and people tourists who had no pals to visit, pitched a tent and lived in that as long as they remained. ”[4] the city did have a burying flooring. the unique provide of land for a public burial flooring used to be made in 1797 on the nook of present-day King and Church Streets. as well as the general public burying flooring there has been the army burying flooring, defined in Henry Scadding’s Toronto of outdated: a bit to the west of Brock road (now south Spadina street) used to be the previous army burying-ground, a clearing within the thick brushwood of the locality: of a rectangular form, its 4 picketed aspects directed precisely in the direction of the 4 cardinal issues … one of the continues to be deposited during this historical burial-plot are these of a kid of the 1st Governor of higher Canada, a truth honored at the external of the mortuary chapel over his personal grave in Devonshire, by way of a pill on that are the phrases: “Katharine, born in top Canada, sixteenth Jan. , 1793; died and was once buried at York city, in that Province, in 1794. ”[5] York had a inhabitants of 456 humans by way of 1803, whilst it used to be determined church will be equipped close to the burial floor. until eventually then Anglican prone have been held in executive constructions. the 1st St. James Church was once prepared to be used in 1807.

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