A Brief History of India, Second Edition (Brief History Of... (Checkmark Books))

An up-to-date examine greater than 5,000 years of India's history.

As lately because the flip of the century, Western photos of India pictured it as a land of faith, luxurious, and determined poverty holy males sitting cross-legged through the roadside, fats maharajas on bejeweled elephants, or poverty-stricken beggars determining rubbish for scraps to consume. Now that snapshot has began to swap. this present day american citizens usually tend to think Indian staff in name facilities taking jobs wanted within the usa or youngsters successful fortunes on quiz indicates as in Slumdog Millionaire.

Admired for its non secular traditions (two of the world's significant religions Hinduism and Buddhism originated here), for its peaceable fight for independence led via Mohandas ok. Gandhi, and for its bright tradition (from Bollywood and highly spiced food to classical song and world-renowned authors), India has had a protracted and engaging historical past. although, whereas most folks are accustomed to sure elements of Indian historical past and tradition, the roots of the country's modern society and politics aren't continually good understood within the West. overlaying nearly 5,000 years of background, a quick heritage of India, moment version bargains an obtainable, trustworthy creation to the wealthy and various heritage of India.

Coverage includes:

-Caste, Kings, and the Hindu international Order
-Gandhi and the Nationalist circulation
-Constructing the country
-Bollywood and past
-India within the Twenty-First Century.

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The very fact of seizing and conserving energy conferred royalty on whoever may perhaps effectively do it. Alexander the good because the Nanda dynasty solidified its carry over the clan-dominated territories of the Ganges, to the north and west the ruler of a far flung empire ready to invade India. In 331 B. C. E. Alexander of Macedon conquered the Persian Empire whose easternmost satrapy (province) incorporated Gandhara and the northern Indus. decided to claim regulate over all his Persian territories, Alexander and his military fought their means eastward. via 327 B. C. E. the Macedonians had subdued Bactria, come over the Hindu Kush Mountains, and crossed the Indus River. Alexander’s army—as defined through later Greek and Roman historians—numbered 125,000 males. They defeated tribal kings during the Punjab, yet on the Beas River (an jap tributary of the Indus) the warriors mutinied and refused to head farther. Turning south the emperor fought his approach down the Indus. He despatched a few of his military again to Mesopotamia via sea, whereas he and the rest made the tricky land trip alongside the Iranian coast. Alexander’s surprising demise in Mesopotamia in 323 B. C. E. introduced his campaigns to a unexpected finish. Alexander’s invasion of India had little lasting political influence. After his demise, the japanese finish of his empire, past the Hindu Kush, got here less than the guideline of the Seleucids, a dynasty based by means of certainly one of his generals. alongside the Indus, inside of a century the settlements left at the back of to control Alexander’s conquered lands disappeared, and the lands forty two 001-334_BH India. indd forty two 11/16/10 12:41 PM CASTE, KINGS, AND THE HINDU international ORDER reverted to neighborhood keep an eye on. Alexander’s invasion did, although, convey India to the eye of nations to the west. The literate Greek scribes who observed him wrote in regards to the jap land during which they traveled. Their writings—the earliest Western assets on India—provoked an curiosity during this jap zone that endured down in the course of the Roman Empire. The Mauryans In 321 B. C. E. the Nanda dynasty used to be overthrown in its flip by means of an officer in its military, Chandragupta Maurya. Chandragupta seized the Nanda capital at Pataliputra and the wealthy Magadha quarter. A treaty with the northwestern Seleucids ceded all of India south of the Hindu Kush to Chandragupta. by means of the tip of the century he had conquered so much of northern India, from west to east, and as a ways south because the Narmada River. A Greek ambassador, Megasthenes, despatched to Chandragupta’s court docket by way of the Seleucid rulers within the north, left an account of his travels preserved through later Greek and Roman writers. Megasthenes was once relatively inspired through Chandragupta’s capital at Pataliputra. “The maximum urban in India,” he declared, it had 570 towers and sixty four gates and used to be surrounded through a ditch “six hundred ft in breadth and thirty cubits extensive” (McCrindle 2000, 67). The emperor himself additionally inspired Megasthenes. “He . . . is still in courtroom for the full day,” the ambassador wrote, “without permitting the enterprise to be interrupted” (McCrindle 2000, 71).

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