A Gateway to the Great Books, Volumes 1-10

By Mortimer J. Adler, Robert M. Hutchins

Gateway to the good Books is a 10-volume sequence of books initially released via Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. in 1963 and edited by way of Mortimer Adler and Robert Maynard Hutchins. The set used to be designed as an advent to the nice Books of the Western global, released through an identical association and editors in 1952. The set integrated choices - brief tales, performs, essays, letters, and extracts from longer works - through a couple of hundred authors. the decisions have been more often than not shorter and in many ways easier than the full-length books incorporated within the nice Books.

Contents
Volume 1: creation; Syntopical Guide

* A letter to the reader
* Introduction
* Syntopical guide
* Appendices
o A plan of graded reading
o prompt novels
o steered anthologies of poetry

Volume 2: creative Literature I

* Daniel Defoe, Excerpts from Robinson Crusoe
* Rudyard Kipling, "Mowgli's Brothers" from The Jungle Book
* Victor Hugo, "The conflict with the Cannon" from Ninety-Three
* man de Maupassant, "Two Friends"
* Ernest Hemingway, "The Killers" from males with no Women
* Sir Walter Scott, "The Drovers" from Chronicles of the Canongate
* Joseph Conrad, "Youth"
* Voltaire, Micromegas
* Oscar Wilde, "The satisfied Prince" from The satisfied Prince and different Tales
* Edgar Allan Poe, "The Tell-Tale Heart", "The Masque of the purple Death"
* Robert Louis Stevenson, The unusual Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
* Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens), the fellow That Corrupted Hadleyburg
* Charles Dickens, "A complete and devoted file of the Memorable Trial of Bardell opposed to Pickwick" from The Pickwick Papers
* Nikolai Gogol, "The Overcoat"
* Samuel Butler, "Customs and reviews of the Erewhonians" from Erewhon
* Sherwood Anderson, "I'm a Fool"
* nameless, Aucassin and Nicolette

Volume three: imaginitive Literature II

* Stephen Crane, "The Open Boat"
* Herman Melville, "Billy Budd"
* Ivan Bunin, "The Gentleman from San Francisco"
* Nathaniel Hawthorne, "Rappaccini's Daughter"
* George Eliot, "The Lifted Veil"
* Lucius Apuleius, "Cupid and Psyche" from The Golden Ass
* Ivan Turgenev, "First Love"
* Fyodor Dostoevsky, "White Nights"
* John Galsworthy, "The Apple-Tree"
* Gustave Flaubert, "The Legend of St. Julian the Hospitaller"
* F. Scott Fitzgerald, "The Diamond as gigantic because the Ritz"
* Honoré de Balzac, "A ardour within the Desert"
* Anton Chekhov, "The Darling"
* Isaac Singer, "The Spinoza of marketplace Street"
* Alexander Pushkin, "The Queen of Spades"
* D. H. Lawrence, "The Rocking-Horse Winner"
* Henry James, "The Pupil"
* Thomas Mann, "Mario and the Magician"
* Isak Dinesen, "Sorrow-Acre"
* Leo Tolstoy, "The loss of life of Ivan Ilyitch", "The 3 Hermits", "What males stay By"

Volume four: inventive Literature III

* Molière, The Misanthrope, The healthcare professional despite Himself
* Richard Sheridan, the varsity for Scandal
* Henrik Ibsen, An Enemy of the People
* Anton Chekhov, The Cherry Orchard
* George Bernard Shaw, the fellow of Destiny
* John Synge, Riders to the Sea
* Eugene O'Neill, The Emperor Jones

Volume five: serious Essays

* Virginia Woolf, "How should still One learn a Book?"
* Matthew Arnold, "The learn of Poetry", "Sweetness and Light"
* Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve, "What Is a Classic?", "Montaigne"
* Francis Bacon, "Of Beauty", "Of Discourse", "Of Studies"
* David Hume, "Of the normal of Taste"
* Arthur Schopenhauer, "On Style", "On a few different types of Literature", "On the Comparative position of curiosity and wonder in Works of Art"
* Friedrich Schiller, "On easy and nostalgic Poetry"
* Percy Bysshe Shelley, "A Defence of Poetry"
* Walt Whitman, Preface to Leaves of Grass
* William Hazlitt, "My First Acquaintance with Poets", "On Swift", "Of people One would need to Have Seen"
* Charles Lamb, "My First Play", "Dream little ones, a Reverie", "Sanity of precise Genius"
* Samuel Johnson, Preface to Shakespeare
* Thomas de Quincey, Literature of data and Literature of Power", "On the Knocking on the Gate in Macbeth"
* T. S. Eliot, "Dante", "Tradition and the person Talent"

Volume 6: guy and Society I

* John Stuart Mill, "Childhood and Youth" from Autobiography
* Mark Twain, "Learning the River" from existence at the Mississippi
* Jean de los angeles Bruyere, "Characters" from A publication of Characters
* Thomas Carlyle, 'The Hero as King" from On Heroes, Hero-Worship and the Heroic in History
* Ralph Waldo Emerson, "Thoreau"
* Nathaniel Hawthorne, "Sketch of Abraham Lincoln"
* Walt Whitman, "Death of Abraham Lincoln"
* Virginia Woolf, "The paintings of Biography"
* Xenophon, "The March to the Sea" from The Persian day trip, "The personality of Socrates" from Memorabilia
* William H. Prescott, "The Land of Montezuma" from The Conquest of Mexico
* Haniel lengthy, "The energy inside of Us"
* Pliny the more youthful, "The Eruption of Vesuvius"
* Tacitus, "The lifetime of Gnaeus Julius Agricola"
* Francois Guizot, "Civilization" from historical past of Civilization in Europe
* Henry Adams, "The usa in 1800" from historical past of the U.S. of America
* John Bagnell Bury, "Herodotus" from the traditional Greek Historians
* Lucian, "The approach to Write History"
* nice Documents
o The English invoice of Rights
o statement of the Rights of guy and of the Citizen
o The Virginia assertion of Rights
o The announcement of Independence
o constitution of the United Nations
o common statement of Human Rights
* Thomas Paine, "A name to Patriots - December 23, 1776"
* George Washington, "Circular Letter to the Governors of the entire States on Disbanding the Army", "The Farewell Address"
* Thomas Jefferson, "The Virginia Constitution" from Notes on Virginia, "First Inaugural Address", "Biographical Sketches"
* Benjamin Franklin, "A suggestion for selling beneficial wisdom one of the British Plantations in America", "Proposals in relation to the schooling of adlescent in Pennsylvania"
* Jean de Crevecoeur, "The Making of Americans" from Letters from an American Farmer
* Alexis de Tocqueville, "Observations on American lifestyles and Government" from Democracy in America
* Henry David Thoreau,"Civil Disobedience", "A Plea for Captain John Brown"
* Abraham Lincoln, "Address at Cooper Institute", "First Inaugural Address", "Letter to Horace Greeley", "Meditation at the Divine Will", "The Gettysburg Address", "Second Inaugural Address", "Last Public Address"

Volume 7: guy and Society II

* Francis Bacon, "Of adolescence and Age", "Of mom and dad and Children", "Of Marriage and unmarried Life", "Of nice Place", "Of Seditions and Troubles", "Of customized and Education", "Of fans and Friends", "Of Usury", "Of Riches"
* Jonathan rapid, "Resolutions while I end up Old", "An Essay on glossy Education", "A Meditation upon a Broomstick", "A Modest suggestion for combating the youngsters of eire from Being a Burden to Their mom and dad or Country"
* David Hume, "Of Refinement within the Arts", "Of Money", "Of the stability of Trade", "Of Taxes", "Of the research of History"
* Plutarch, "Of Bashfulness"
* Robert Louis Stevenson, "The Lantern-Bearers" from around the Plains
* John Ruskin, "An Idealist's Arraignment of the Age" from 4 Clavigera
* William James, "On a definite Blindness in Human Beings", "The Energies of Men", "Great males and Their Environment"
* Arthur Schopenhauer, "On Education"
* Michael Faraday, "Observations on psychological Education"
* Edmund Burke, "Letter to the Sheriffs of Bristol"
* John Calhoun, "The Concurrent Majority"
* Thomas Babington Macaulay, "Machiavelli"
* Voltaire, "English males and Ideas" from Letters at the English
* Dante, "On global Government" from De Monarchia
* Jean Jacques Rousseau, "A Lasting Peace during the Federation of Europe"
* Immanuel Kant, "Perpetual Peace"
* Karl von Clausewitz, "What Is War?" from On War
* Thomas Robert Malthus, "The precept of Population" from inhabitants: the 1st Essay

Volume eight: ordinary Science

* Francis Bacon, "The Sphinx"
* John Tyndall, "Michael Faraday" from Faraday as a Discoverer
* Eve Curie, "The Discovery of Radium" from Madame Curie
* Charles Darwin, "Autobiography"
* Jean Henri Fabre, "A Laboratory of the Open Fields", "The Sacred Beetle"
* Loren Eiseley, "On Time"
* Rachel Carson, "The Sunless Sea" from the ocean round Us
* J. B. S. Haldane, "On Being the proper Size" from attainable Worlds
* Thomas Henry Huxley, "On the relatives of guy to the decrease Animals", "On a bit of Chalk"
* Francis Galton, "The category of Human Ability" from Hereditary Genius
* Claude Bernard, "Experimental concerns universal to dwelling issues and Inorganic Bodies"
* Ivan Pavlov, "Scientific examine of the So-called Psychical approaches within the greater Animals"
* Friedrich Wohler, "On the bogus construction of Urea"
* Charles Lyell, "Geological Evolution" from the foundations of Geology
* Galileo, "The Starry Messenger"
* Tommaso Campanella, "Arguments for and opposed to Galileo" from The protection of Galileo
* Michael Faraday, The Chemical heritage of a Candle
* Dmitri Mendeleev, "The Genesis of a legislation of Nature" from The Periodic legislation of the Chemical Elements
* Hermann von Helmholtz, "On the Conservation of Force"
* Albert Einstein and Leopold Infeld, "The upward push and Decline of Classical Physics" from The Evolution of Physics
* Arthur Eddington, "The Running-Down of the Universe" from Nature and the actual World
* James denims, "Beginnings and Endings" from The Universe round Us
* Kees Boeke, "Cosmic View"

Volume nine: Mathematics

* Lancelot Hogben, "Mathematics, the reflect of Civilization" from arithmetic for the Million
* Andrew Russell Forsyth, "Mathematics, in existence and Thought"
* Alfred North Whitehead, "On Mathematical Method", "On the character of a Calculus"
* Bertrand Russell, "The examine of Mathematics", "Mathematics and the Metaphysicians", "Definition of Number"
* Edward Kasner and James R. Newman, "New Names for Old", "Beyond the Googol"
* Tobias Dantzig, "Fingerprints", "The Empty Column"
* Leonhard Euler, "The Seven Bridges of Konigsberg"
* Norman Robert Campbell, "Measurement", "Numerical legislation and using arithmetic in Science"
* William Clifford, "The Postulates of the technology of Space" from the commonsense of the precise Sciences
* Henri Poincaré, "Space", "Mathematical Creation", "Chance"
* Pierre Simon de Laplace, "Probability" from A Philosophical Essay on Probabilities
* Charles Sanders Peirce, "The pink and the Black"

Volume 10: Philosophical Essays

* John Erskine, "The ethical legal responsibility to Be Intelligent"
* William Clifford, "The Ethics of Belief"
* William James, "The Will to Believe", "The Sentiment of Rationality"
* John Dewey, "The technique of Thought" from How We Think
* Epicurus, "Letter to Herodotus", "Letter to Menoeceus"
* Epictetus, The Enchiridion
* Walter Pater, "The paintings of Life" from The Renaissance
* Plutarch, "Contentment"
* Cicero, "On Friendship", "On previous Age"
* Francis Bacon, "Of Truth", "Of Death", "Of Adversity", "Of Love", "Of Friendship", "Of Anger"
* George Santayana, "Lucretius", "Goethe's Faust"
* Henry Adams, "St. Thomas Aquinas" from Mont-Saint-Michel and Chartres
* Voltaire, "The Philosophy of universal Sense"
* John Stuart Mill, "Nature"
* Ralph Waldo Emerson, "Nature", "Self-Reliance", "Montaigne; or, the Skeptic"
* William Hazlitt, "On the sensation of Immortality in Youth"
* Thomas Browne, "Immortality" from Urn-Burial

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Having as soon as and for all been thrown out of the heart of the universe, humankind misplaced a throne, yet accomplished mobility. the fashionable notion of our prestige, situated someplace among the sting of infinity in a single path and the nucleus of the atom within the different, is gifted pictorially in Cosmic View, through Kees Boeke (Vol. 8). the power to degree ourselves in house is medical and sleek; the perception that bridges distances and dispels the fear of immensity is philosophical and historical. Centuries in the past, Marcus Aurelius wrote: “Whether the universe is a concourse of atoms, or nature is a procedure, enable this primary be confirmed, that i'm part of the total that's ruled by means of nature . . . ” (Meditations, in GBWW, Vol. 11). smooth scientists declare the “right to enterprise forth on this planet of rules [as good as] to increase . . . horizons within the actual universe” (Beyond the Googol, Vol. 9). This correct has been received. And the realm of rules contains such as soon as “dangerous” strategies because the concept of the top of the area. yet these days, even this kind of prediction of final common disaster arouses no condemnation and produces no martyrs of technological know-how. it's neither introduced, nor acquired, with terror or agony. Arthur Eddington, for example, sees the universe as inexorably operating down, without probability of its being wound up back to copy the cycle. So be it, he says. He might fairly “that the universe may still accomplish a few nice scheme of evolution and, having completed no matter what should be accomplished, lapse again into chaotic changelessness, than that its objective can be banalised through continuous repetition. i'm an Evolutionist, no longer a Multiplicationist” (The Running-Down of the Universe, Vol. 8). sleek clinical conception is versatile, making no declare to being the final word, or maybe, other than provisionally, the fitting note. glossy technological know-how says: this is often the way in which we describe things—today. Copernicus disappointed an international that were announcing: this is often the best way issues are— without end. the realm that he dissatisfied used to be the realm that have been governed by means of the concept of Aristotle for over 1,500 years. because the starting of the 17th century, virtually each medical strengthen has needed to start with a refutation of a few Aristotelian doctrine. Why is Aristotle now considered as having lengthy S C I E N C E AN D MATH E MATI C S sixty three imposed a barrier to medical development? Is it simply because, because the Syntopicon indicates, he relied too strongly on his senses? “Just as Ptolemy’s astronomy conforms to what we see as we glance on the heavens, so Aristotle’s physics represents a too easy conformity with daily sense-experience. We realize fireplace emerging and stones falling. combine earth, air, and water in a closed box, and air bubbles will upward thrust to the pinnacle, whereas the debris of earth will sink to the ground. to hide a mess of comparable observations, Aristotle develops the idea of the average motions and areas of the 4 terrestrial elements—earth, air, fireplace, and water. considering the fact that our bodies circulate certainly basically to achieve their right locations, the good physique that's the earth, already on the backside of all issues, don't need to circulation in any respect.

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