Alain Badiou: Between Theology and Anti-theology

By Hollis D. Phelps IV

This dissertation interrogates the connection among the philosophy of Alain Badiou and
Christian theology. extra in particular, the argument of this dissertation is that Badiou’s
philosophy, regardless of its professed atheism, continues to be conditioned by means of Christian theological
concepts and the formal components of Christian eschatology. as a result, it truly is attainable to
read Badiou’s philosophy as located someplace among theology and anti-theology. To
make this declare, this dissertation is split into 5 chapters. bankruptcy 1 reads Badiou’s
philosophy as dependent round the subject of the dying of God, which he is familiar with in a
threefold feel because the loss of life of the God of faith, the God of metaphysics, and the God of
the poem. bankruptcy 2 translates the most components of Badiou’s ontology—the identity
of arithmetic and ontology, the multiple-without-one, the void, and the infinite—as an
anti-theology. bankruptcy three examines intimately the formal points of Badiou’s concept of fact
and the topic, together with the kinds concerning the latter. bankruptcy four discusses the reality
procedures of technology, paintings, love, and politics as stipulations for philosophy, the interrelation
among them, and the jobs that sophism and anti-philosophy play within the building of
philosophy. at the foundation of the floor lined within the first 4 chapters, bankruptcy five isolates
a theological point that coincides with anti-philosophy on the center of Badiou’s
philosophy, and argues that this point is, in flip, established by way of a formalized eschatology.

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119 one hundred twenty eighty foundation, the axiom of substitute, the axiom of separation, and the axiom of selection. 122 due to the fact our goal isn't to supply an outline of Badiou’s ontology in all its information, we are going to care for those axioms separately as beneficial. Suffice it to assert that the deployment of those axioms from in the ontological scenario, based on Badiou, makes it possible for the subtractive presentation of inconsistent multiplicity regardless of the single, insofar as its operational constitution, its count-as-one, doesn't admit something except the a number of. that's to assert, Badiou’s mathematical ontology legislates what will be stated pertaining to being qua being with no falling again at the one simply because “what is gifted within the ontological state of affairs is the a number of with none different predicate than its multiplicity. ”123 What this implies is that precluded from Badiou’s ontology is any declare pertaining to what a a number of is, the gadgets of which it's composed, etc, due to the fact to take action may reintroduce the only via technique of a definition. As Badiou places it, “Strictly talking, arithmetic provides not anything, with no for all that constituting an empty video game, simply because now not having whatever to give, along with presentation itself—which is to claim the Multiple—and thereby by no means adopting the shape of the ob-ject, such is definitely a of all discourse on being qua being. ”124 instead of being the presentation of whatever, then, ontology, as mathematically located discourse of the natural a number of, is “the presentation of presentation. ”125 because the presentation of presentation, as a basic conception of occasions, Badiou’s ontology therefore seeks to subtract itself from all questions about the specific homes of any a number of. another way placed, so that it will subtract itself from the reign of the only, an outstanding review of those are available in Hallward, Badiou, 81-106, 323-348. Ibid. , 28. 124 Ibid. , 7. one hundred twenty five Ibid. , 27. 122 123 eighty one Badiou’s ontology proceeds with out an specific definition of a collection, in view that, as pointed out above, the definition of what a suite is ends up in the creation of paradoxical units and dangers reintroducing the single. Badiou writes, “Neither instinct or language are able to assisting the natural a number of . . . through final result, it's of the very essence of set idea to simply own an implicit mastery of its ‘objects’ (multiplicities, sets): those multiples are deployed in an axiom procedure during which the valuables ‘to be a collection’ doesn't determine. ”126 Badiou’s figuring out of a collection is hence extensional rather than intensional, within the experience set is just the results of a strategy of counting its parts from the floor up relatively being decided prematurely during the program of an idea. 127 rather than continuing conceptually, then, Badiou’s ontology, taking its cue from the Zermelo-Fraenkel axiom method, reduces and fixes the query of what a suite is to the undemanding relation of belonging, denoted ∈. 128 to cite Badiou in this element: The a number of is implicitly specific right here within the kind of a common sense of belonging, that's, in a style within which the “something = a” quite often is gifted in accordance with a multiplicity b.

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