Handbook of Quality of Life in Enlargement Europe

By Jens Alber, Tony Fahey, Chiara Saraceno

Contemporary expansion to the east made the ecu Union a extra varied social house and taken it into extra direct touch with the social and cultural aftermath of communism.

The objective of this e-book is to assist social scientists, coverage makers and different observers do something about the unfamiliarity of this new global via bringing jointly a suite of informative analyses of key domain names of social existence within the new member states and candidate nations, considered compared either to one another and to the 'old' EU-15.

The concentration is on social stipulations, similar to social exclusion, poverty and residing stipulations, paintings and labour markets, relatives and housing. yet can also be deals debts of the institutional contexts in which those stipulations come up. The analyses uses various info, together with a brand new facts resource, the European caliber of lifestyles Survey 2003.

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1 2. nine 12. five 7. 6 three. nine four. nine three. four zero. five nine. 7 five. four -2. 2 -7. nine -5. nine -5. eight -12. five -11. nine -6. 6 -10. five four. nine 1. nine four. nine five. eight 6. five customer enterprise providers providers (ISIC 6+9) (ISIC 7+8) swap 1980–2000 Agriculture and (ISIC 1-5) 22. 2 23. 7 25. 6 23. 6 25. 6 28. eight — 25. eight 19. zero — 27. 6 28. nine point 2003 21. 2 20. nine 22. three 32. 2 19. three 24. zero 17. 1 24. three 15. five 20. 2 22. zero 18. 1 22. four 17. four point ~2000 Agriculture and (ISIC 1-5) 25. five 20. 7 24. 1 26. four 26. five 26. four — 25. zero 35. 1 — 24. eight 25. nine 31. 7 26. 2 23. 6 31. 1 24. four 29. eight 38. 2 31. 6 30. five 39. 7 30. 6 39. zero 30. 6 37. three customer prone (ISIC 6+9) nine. three 6. nine eight. zero 12. three nine. five 7. 2 — nine. 1 12. zero — nine. 6 10. 2 eleven. 6 nine. 2 6. nine 7. eight 6. eight 10. four 15. nine 12. three 10. 6 14. five eleven. five 15. 7 12. five sixteen. zero enterprise providers (ISIC 7+8) 22. five — 28. eight 27. 7 27. 1 30. zero — 28. 6 — — 31. nine 31. nine point 1998 29. four 28. five 33. 6 forty. 7 27. 1 31. eight 19. three 32. 2 21. four 26. zero 34. five 30. zero 29. zero 27. nine point ~1980 — — eight. 2 10. 1 7. eight — 7. eight 10. five 7. five 6. 6 — eight. four 22. nine — 23. eight 26. nine 25. zero 25. four — 24. 6 7. four 25. four — — 23. 1 25. four four. five 6. 2 three. nine four. five 7. 6 eight. 1 7. 2 7. 7 nine. 6 nine. 6 10. eight 6. 7 nine. five enterprise providers (ISIC 7+8) 21. 7 sixteen. five 19. 1 17. three 25. five 25. 7 24. zero 26. 6 34. eight 27. 2 38. five 20. nine 31. nine Agriculture patron and providers (ISIC 6+9) (ISIC 1-5) Employment charges in uncovered and sheltered sectors assets: EU-15: columns 1, three, five: eu fee (2004: 145–157); columns 2, four, 6–9: personal calculations, in keeping with ecu fee (2006: 257–288). NMS: columns 1, three, five: ecu fee (2004: 145–157); columns 2, four, 6: personal calculations, in line with eu fee (2006: 257–288); columns 7–18: personal calculations, according to eu fee (2004: 145–157) Cyprus Malta Slovenia Czech Republic Hungary Poland Slovakia Estonia Latvia Lithuania NMS-8 agg. NMS-8 Ø Denmark Finland Sweden eire uk Netherlands Austria Belgium France Germany Luxembourg Italy Greece Portugal Spain EU-15 agg. EU-15 Ø state desk five. four Sector-specific employment charges within the enlarged ecu 142 Jens Alber (i. e. ISIC sectors 1–5 and 7–8). The an important divide could therefore be among the 2 particularly sheltered carrier sectors (ISIC 6 + nine) with massive progress strength at the one hand and the extra uncovered different sectors with extra restricted clients at the different. facts on sector-specific advancements over an extended interval which might exhibit to what quantity employment traits in Europe truly conformed to this trend are just on hand for OECD nations. The uncovered non-service sectors of conventional business society (ISIC 1–5) have certainly been shrinking in all places in Europe. in the EU-15, employment losses averaged eight percent issues considering the fact that 1980, starting from 2 issues within the Netherlands to thirteen issues in Finland. The losses tended to be fairly heavy in these international locations the place the extent of conventional employment have been excessive in 1980. In different phrases, international locations which begun the transition to the provider economic climate past due have been topic to relatively radical re-structuring. In 2003, employment charges within the conventional non-service sectors averaged 22 in step with cent within the EU-15, starting from sixteen according to cent in Belgium to 32 in line with cent in Portugal.

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