Language and Myth

By Ernst Cassirer

In this crucial research Ernst Cassirer analyzes the non-rational concept strategies that visit make up tradition. He demonstrates that underneath either language and delusion there lies an subconscious "grammar" of expertise, whose different types and canons aren't these of logical idea. He indicates that this prelogical "logic" isn't really in basic terms an undeveloped kingdom of rationality, yet anything essentially assorted, and that this archaic mode of idea nonetheless has huge, immense strength over even our such a lot rigorous inspiration, in language, poetry and myth.
The writer analyzes brilliantly such probably varied (yet similar) phenomena because the metaphysics of the Bhagavat Gita, the Melanesian proposal of Mana, the Naturphilosophie of Schelling, glossy poetry, historical Egyptian faith, and symbolic common sense. He covers an unlimited variety of fabric that's all too usually ignored in reviews of human thought.
These six essays are of significant curiosity to the scholar of philosophy or the philosophy of technological know-how, the historian, or the anthropologist. also they are remarkably well timed for college students of literature, what with the big emphasis positioned upon "myth" in glossy literary hypothesis. This e-book isn't superficial hypothesis by means of a dabbler, yet a penetrating examine via essentially the most profound and delicate philosophic minds of our time.

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Below additionally denied respectable ownership mDie Sprachwissenschaft, p. zz8. e See Biinton, Religions oi Pilmitive Peoples,P'_9,3.. srCf. Budge, op. -cit. , P. r57, additionally Morel Mystdres EgPtiens, P. rr9. observe Magic 5r Roman legislations a slavehad no criminal name,becausehe couldn't functionality as a legalperson. 32 In alternative routes, too, the solidarity and uniquenessof the nameis not just a mark of the solidarity and specialty of the person,but truly constitutesit; the identify is what first makesman a person. the place this verbal distinctivenessis no longer stumbled on, there the outlines of his character have a tendency additionally to be efiaced. one of the Algonquins, a guy who bearsthe samename as a few given individual is regardedas the latter's different self, his modify ego. ssIf, in accordancewith a prevalentcustom,a baby is given the nameof his grandfather,this expresses the idea that the grandfatheris resurrected,reincarnatedin the boy. once a baby is bom, the matter ariseswhich one in every of his departedancestorsis reborn in him; purely after this has been made up our minds by means of the priest can the rite be played wherein the child receivesthat progenitor's identify. sa moreover, the mythic recognition doesn't see human personalityas somethingfixed and unchanging, yet conceiveseveryphaseof a man's lifestyles as a brand new in line with. sonality,a new self; and this metamorphosisis firstly made take place within the changeswhich his identify undergoes. At-pub. rty boy receivesa new name,becausgby " advantage of the paranormal rites accompanyinghis initiation, he has ceasedto exist asa boy, and hasbeen rebornas a __82Mommsen,RcimischesStaatsrecht,III,_ r,. p. zo3; cf. Rudolph Hinel, "Der Name+in Beitrag zu seiner Gschichte im Altertum'u. besonders bei den Griechen," Abhandlungen der sdclsr'rclen Gescllschaft der Wisenschaften, Vol. XXVI (ro-r8). p. ro. * "T" orp-ressionin the^Algonkin toirgire ior^a individual of the samc -is identify is njnd owiawina, . He anothei myself. 'i' (Cuoq. Lexiouc "a*:ii,:5:t 8'::"lt::fl:io;':",i,,T1-;0"J,"? f; "t3#;l;Ji'ff *f '#1%#T"",? 1'g,"i"rTlr:;i:iffi ,,$olii"tr;inl);Jr-'n. Languageand delusion fifty two of 1 of his ancestors. sF In different guy, the reincarnation casesthe changeof identify sometimesservesto safeguard a through taking up guy againstimpendingdanger;he escapes a difterent self, whoseform makeshim unrecognizable. one of the Ev6 it truly is customaryto supply childrens, and especiallythosewhoseelder brothersor sistershave died younger, a reputation that has a frightful connotation,or attributes a few non-humannature to them; the assumption is that loss of life should be both anxious away,or deceived, and may passthem via as if they werenot human in any respect. 36Similarly,the nameof a guy laboringunderdiseaseor bloodguilt is sometimeschanged,on an analogous principle,that dying won't locate him. Even in Greek tradition this practice of changing names,with its mythic motivation,still maintaineditself. three? relatively generally,in truth, the being and lifetime of a pe$on is so intimatelyconnectedwith his identify that, so long as the identify is pre' servedand spoken,its beareris nonetheless felt to be presentand without delay lively.

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