Philosophy, Literature, and the Dissolution of the Subject: Nietzsche, Musil, Atay (Studies in Social Sciences, Philosophy and History of Ideas)

By Zeynep Talay-Turner

If philosophy has limits, what lies past them? One resolution is literature. during this examine, instead of seeing literature as a resource of illustrations of philosophical issues, the writer considers either philosophy and literature as occasionally competing yet usually complementary methods of creating experience of and conveying the nature of moral event. She does so via an research of principles approximately language, event and ethics within the philosophy of Nietzsche, and of ways during which those subject matters are labored out and elaborated within the writings of Robert Musil and the Turkish novelist Oğuz Atay.

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His Stoicism comprises a heroic reaction to no matter what this adversarial global throws at him. ’187 Sellars extra claims that Hegel’s presentation of Stoicism within the Phenomenology of Spirit conforms to just like the Human Stoic: the Stoic withdraws into himself, his realization simply because he has no keep an eye on over the exterior occasions; correspondingly, the Stoic seeks psychological freedom simply because he has no freedom within the outer international. unlike this we've Cosmic Stoicism which Sellars affiliates with Marcus Aurelius and Epictetus. In Marcus, for example, the self is an internal castle and the valuable motivation in the back of this, says Sellars, ‘is a wish to triumph over the boundary among the person self and the Cosmos in order that there's no longer any 182 Nietzsche, break of day II:148, pp. 93-94 183 Ansell-Pearson, ‘Beyond Compassion’, p. 19 184 Nietzsche, sunrise V:516, p. 207 185 Nietzsche, dawn V:516, p. 207 186 Quoted in Ansell-Pearson, ‘Beyond Compassion’, p. 21 187 John Sellars, ‘An Ethics of the Event’, Angelaki: magazine of the Theoretical Humanities, 11:3, 2007, p. 164. sixty six opposition among the 2. ’188 We see one of these hindrance with the self in Spinoza, based on whom God is the one actually loose being and pointed out with Nature. For a Cosmic Stoic: in basic terms the Cosmos as a complete has entire freedom. it usually acts in keeping with its personal nature, by no means hindered by way of an exterior reason. From the point of view of the Cosmos, then, the excellence among inner and exterior factors falls away. This contrast is hence continually purely relative to the point of view of a specific finite mode of being. The philosophical job is to attempt – as far as it's attainable – to achieve a cosmic point of view from which the boundary among oneself and Nature is triumph over. 189 a real Stoic says Epictetus is ‘a guy who wants to be of 1 brain with God, and not to solid blame on God or guy back. ’190 rather than this, for a Human Stoic like Seneca destiny, the desire of God, is conceived as whatever exterior to oneself. In break of day 23 Nietzsche speculates that for lots of hundreds of thousands of years humans notion that issues have been animate, with an influence to reason damage which made humans consider impotent in the direction of them; this was once the foundation of such a lot superstitious practices and rituals: ‘for one had to safe oneself opposed to issues, simply as opposed to males and animals, via strength, constraint, flattering, treaties, sacrifices. ’191 In different phrases, those superstitious practices and rituals functioned to show the sensation of powerlessness or anxiousness right into a feeling of energy. notwithstanding, he additional provides, this sense of worry and impotence used to be so robust and non-stop that ‘the feeling of strength has developed to the sort of measure of subtlety that during this appreciate guy is now a fit for the main soft stability. It has develop into his most powerful propensity; the ability came across for growing this sense virtually represent the heritage of tradition. ’192 This ‘speculation’ reminds us of Blumenberg’s account of the advance of many sorts of human cognition.

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