By John Richardson
The Roman Empire has been an item of fascination for the previous millennia, and the tale of the way a small urban in principal Italy got here to dominate the total of the Mediterranean basin, so much of recent Europe and the lands of Asia Minor and the center East, has usually been advised. It has supplied the version for ecu empires from Charlemagne to Queen Victoria and past, and continues to be the root of comparability for investigators of recent imperialisms. via an exhaustive research of the altering meanings of convinced keywords and their use within the sizeable is still of Roman writings and within the buildings of Roman political existence, this ebook seeks to find what the Romans themselves thought of their imperial strength within the centuries within which they conquered the recognized international and shaped the empire of the 1st and moment centuries advert.
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Additional info for The Language of Empire: Rome and the Idea of Empire from the Third Century BC to the Second Century AD
Sixty eight; 1. seventy eight; 1. eighty two (twice); 2. 2 (twice); three. 223; four. 25; four. sixty four; four. sixty eight; four. one hundred fifteen; four. 132; five. 127; five. 149; Font. 35; Clu. 134; 154; Leg. guy. 32; 38; forty-one; forty six; sixty five; 2 Cat. 25; Leg. agr. 2. forty five; 2. forty seven; 2. sixty two; Sull. 33; 37; Flac. 27; a hundred; Dom. 89; ninety; 147; Balb. 15; Sest. 50; fifty six; sixty four; 128; Pis. 34; Mil. seventy six; Parad. four. 29; Marcell. five; Div. 1. 121; Off. 2. 28; Phil. 2. sixty five; five. 12; 7. 2; 10. 10. Div. Caec. sixty four; 1 Verr. 1; 2; four; fifty nine; 2 Verr. 1. seventy eight; 2. 2; three. 223; five. 127; Leg. agr. 2. forty seven; 2. sixty two; Sull. 37; Flac. 27; a hundred; Off. 2. 28. Div. Caec. 7; 18; sixty four; sixty six; 1 Verr. 1; 2; four; forty-one; fifty nine; 2 Verr. 1. seventy eight; 1. eighty two (twice); three. 223; Flac. a hundred. Cicero’s empire: imperium populi Romani 87 seeing that we all know from the inscription of the Tabula Bembina that at an early level exterae nationes have been explicitly pointed out as those that may well mount an motion less than the lex de repetundis. ninety four elsewhere, those phrases appear to refer just to people who are open air Rome or no longer a part of the Roman people,95 and a few of those examples are approximately Rome’s popularity within the wider international. ninety six In no less than 3 passages the exterae nationes are explicitly a much broader geographical class than the provinciae. within the Verrines Cicero calls the eye of the jurors to a infamous robbery by way of Verres of valuable goods from king Antiochus of Syria, claiming that it used to be a narrative identified not just to themselves and to the Roman humans yet between ‘outside’ international locations to the furthest lands. ninety seven The ‘beyond-ness’ of the exterae nationes is clearer nonetheless, once they seem within the ultimate sentence of Cicero’s speech to the pontifices during which he's trying to get well his residence after his go back from exile in fifty seven, on the climax of an inventory of these happy to determine his go back which starts off with the immortal gods and ends with the pontifices themselves and encompasses the senate, the Roman humans, the entire of Italy, the provinciae and the exterae nationes. ninety eight the same record, this time of the assets on hand to the Roman humans and never to be had to Catiline in sixty three, runs throughout the senate, the Roman equites, the town, the treasury, the earning of the town, the entire of Italy, the provinciae and the exterae nationes. ninety nine In passages similar to ninety four ninety five ninety six ninety seven ninety eight ninety nine Lex rep. (RS no. 1), line 1: ‘[ . . . quoi socium no]minisve Latini exterarumve nationum, quoive in arbitratu dicione potestate amicitiav[e populi Romani . . . ]’. 2 Verr. four. 25; four. sixty four; four. one hundred fifteen; four. 132; five. 149; Font. 35; Clu. 134; 154; Leg. guy. 32; 38; forty-one; forty six; 2 Cat. 25; Leg. agr. 2. forty five; Sull. 33; Dom. 147. 2 Verr. four. 25; four. sixty four; Font. 35; Leg. guy. forty-one; forty six; Clu. 154. 2 Verr. four. sixty four: ‘de quo et vos audistis et populus Romanus non nunc primum audiet et in exteris nationibus usque advert ultimas terras pervagatum est’. Dom. 89: ‘si dis immortalibus, si senatui, si populo Romano, si cunctae Italiae, si provinciis, si exteris nationibus, si vobismet ipsis, qui in mea salute principem semper locum auctoritatemque tenuistis, gratum et iucundum meum reditum intellegitis esse. ’ 2 Cat. 25: ‘omissis his rebus quibus nos suppeditamur, eget ille, senatu, equitibus Romanis, urbe, aerario, vectigalibus, cuncta Italia, provinciis omnibus, exteris nationibus.