The Longest War: The Enduring Conflict between America and Al-Qaeda

By Peter L. Bergen

Ten years have handed because the stunning assaults at the global exchange middle, and after seven years of clash, the final US wrestle troops left Iraq—only to maneuver into Afghanistan, the place the ten-year-old struggle maintains: the conflict on terror rages without transparent lead to sight.

In The Longest battle Peter Bergen bargains a entire historical past of this struggle and its evolution, from the suggestions devised within the wake of the 9-11 assaults to the struggling with in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and past. in contrast to the other e-book in this topic, the following Bergen tells the tale of this transferring war’s disasters and successes from the views of either the us and al-Qaeda and its allies. He is going into the houses of al-Qaeda individuals, rooting into the resource in their devotion to terrorist motives, and spends time within the places of work of the key avid gamers shaping the U.S. strategic efforts within the quarter. At a time while many are annoyed or fatigued with what has develop into an everlasting multigenerational clash, this booklet will supply an illuminating narrative that not just lines the arc of the struggle yet initiatives its most probably future.

Weaving jointly inner files from al-Qaeda and the U.S. workplaces of counterterrorism, first-person interviews with top-level jihadists and senior Washington officers, with his personal reviews at the floor within the heart East, Bergen balances the money owed of every part, revealing how al-Qaeda has advanced on account that 11th of September and the categorical methods the U.S. executive has replied within the ongoing fight.

Bergen additionally uncovers the strategic error devoted on either sides—the manner that al-Qaeda’s daring assault at the usa on September 11 really undermined its target and prompted the cave in of the Taliban and the destruction of the organization’s refuge in Afghanistan, and the way al-Qaeda is absolutely wasting the warfare of principles within the Muslim international. The booklet additionally exhibits how the us undermined its ethical place during this struggle with its activities at Guantánamo and coercive interrogations—including the intense rendition of Abu Omar, who was once abducted by means of the CIA in Milan in 2003 and used to be tortured for 4 years in Egyptian prisons; his case represents the 1st and merely time that CIA officers were charged and convicted of the crime of kidnapping.

In interpreting different strategic errors the U.S. has devoted, Bergen bargains a scathing critique of the Clinton and Bush administrations’ lack of ability to correctly examine and counter the al-Qaeda hazard, Bush’s deeply erroneous purposes for invading Iraq—including the tale of ways the invasion used to be introduced dependent, partly, at the perspectives of an imprecise educational who placed forth theories approximately Iraq’s involvement with al-Qaeda—and the Obama administration’s efforts in Afghanistan.

At a severe second in international historical past The Longest struggle provides the definitive account of the continuing conflict opposed to terror.

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Just about all of these prisoners have been rendered to Egypt, the place no less than 3 have been performed. typically these prisoners confronted a few form of trial. After September 11 the speed of outstanding renditions speeded up dramatically. Prisoners have been now additionally transferred to Jordan, Yemen, Morocco, Algeria, or even Libya, Sudan, and Syria. those prisoners have been hardly wear trial and the transfers have been stimulated mostly by means of a wish to extract info from the detainees in any respect invaluable. Fifty-three documented instances of impressive rendition happened among September 2001 and February 2008; just one prisoner particularly acknowledged he had now not been tortured. Of the 16 males who have been published, 8 claimed they have been tortured and/or mistreated whereas in overseas custody; one died inside of weeks of being published. Nineteen of the rendered males haven't been heard from considering they disappeared. Philip Bobbitt, a number one American constitutional pupil, mentioned that the coverage of remarkable renditions “outsources our crimes, which places us on the mercy of somebody who can reveal us, makes us depending on many of the world’s so much unsavory actors and abandons responsibility. it truly is an process we go along with crime households, no longer with nice countries. ” Brad Garrett is a former FBI unique agent who got uncoerced confessions from of the main high-profile Islamist terrorists in American background: Ramzi Yousef, who bombed the realm alternate middle in 1993, and Mir Aimal Kasi, who shot and killed CIA staff outdoor the Agency’s headquarters a similar yr. Garrett dismisses the concept that important intelligence will be garnered through depositing suspects in international locations the place they're tortured. “The entire concept that you are going to ship somebody to a few different nation to procure the intel you will have is ludicrous,” he stated. “If we'd like the intel there are ways that might render the knowledge with no torture. the matter is that somebody within the U. S. executive grew to become confident that torture is find out how to cross, and so if we aren't allowed to do it, then ship them to somewhere the place torture is sanctioned. ” Robert Dannenberg, who ran operations for the CIA’s Counterterrorist heart (CTC) from the summer time of 2003 till past due 2004, says that the critics of the rendition application may still contemplate the results that the phobia of rendition has had on participants of al-Qaeda and allied teams: “Are they taking a look over their shoulder simply because they don’t be aware of no matter if they’re going to get a hood thrown over their head at any given second of the day and get carried off to fade? And the reply we received again for that query was once, convinced, that this is often having a true chilling impression within the jihadists. ” Dannenberg issues out that the weather of the days was once additionally very important. “If you actually need to appreciate the mentality of the corporation and its CTC quite on the time, it was once all approximately ensuring Sept. 11 by no means occurs back. We had completely transparent guide from the president of the USA, and from the Congress, frankly, do no matter what it takes to ensure it by no means occurs back, and that was once the state of mind.

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