By A. J. Kleywegt
This paintings presents an entire observation at the first booklet of Valerius Flaccus' Argonautica, an epic which has got elevated realization within the previous couple of many years, as might be noticeable from fresh versions (1997 and 2003). Its first target is to elucidate the textual content, that's occasionally fairly tricky and, in areas, nonetheless no longer proven with sure bet. except this philological element, the literary advantages of the poem have additionally been taken into consideration.
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Extra resources for Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica, Book 1: A Commentary
Tandem: no longer ‘ﬁnally and most significantly or nearly finally’ (Barich 37, n. 10), yet easily ‘at last’. confusa: outdated s. v. confundere 7c ‘to confuse (a individual or his brain, judgement, and so forth. )’; Quint. Inst. 1. 12. 1. quia confundatur animus. simply because he's nonetheless ‘uncertain in his mind’, his options are harassed and doubtful, until eventually he's reassured through the desire of divine reduction, which have been brought in seventy three f. it isn't essential to imagine (with Langen) that religio additionally indicates the ethical rightness of Jason’s unravel. an analogous is going for pias; as within the different cases the place this adjective is coupled with an motion of Jason’s (2. 330; five. 6), it refers back to the ritual personality of that motion. For the word tendens … palmas cf. four. 473 sustulit hic geminas Phineus advert sidera palmas, V. A. 1. ninety three duplicis tendens advert sidera palmas (and ib. five. 256), Stat. Theb. 1. 497, 10. 336, Silv. three. four. ninety nine, Sil. 15. 561, 17. 635. half b sixty five 81–86 ‘omnipotens regina’, inquit, ‘quam, turbidus atro aethere caeruleum quateret cum Iuppiter imbrem, ipse ego praecipiti tumidum consistent with Enipea nimbo in campos et tuta tuli, nec credere quivi ante deam quam te tonitru nutuque reposci coniugis et subita raptam formidine vidi, omnipotens regina: this new blend develops the perform of Virgil, who two times makes use of the epithet for Juno (A. four. 693, 7. 428), and 4 occasions introduces a prayer with Iuppiter omnipotens: A. 2. 689, four. 206, five. 687, nine. 625. the closest formal parallel is A. 10. 668 omnipotens genitor because the ﬁrst phrases of a prayer. the following too the identify of the deity itself isn't pointed out in any respect, however the phrases couldn't practice to the other goddess, and are furthermore defined via the next connection with the prior. Cf. for the passage Schubert, Ratis1 124 ﬀ. quam … vidi: in a slightly lengthy relative clause, together with a temporal one, VF supplies an in depth account of the previous assembly among Juno (in hide) and Jason. This incident is additionally mentioned through AR (3. sixty six f. ), basically there the river’s identify is Anauros. The Greek poet mentions one more reason for Juno’s assist in Jason’s excursion: her dislike of Pelias, who had ignored or maybe insulted her. This reason can also be brieﬂy alluded to in AR 1. 14, and comparable just a little extra absolutely in Apollod. 1. nine. eight; sixteen. Jason’s selection in VF of just one of either reasons can have been the results of the poet’s wish to intensify the symbolism: supporting to pass the river then—helping to pass the ocean now. it's general in a prayer that the speaker stresses his piety in the direction of the god he's addressing, although frequently in a normal feel, now not with regards to a speciﬁc occasion. turbidus … Iuppiter: a bit of greater than ‘quia turbas movet’ (Langen). it's in reality the typhoon itself that's ‘turbulent’ (OLD s. v. turbidus 1, now not five or 6), and ‘shakes the rainstorm’. Jupiter is usually roughly identiﬁed with the elements he brings (OLD s. v. Iuppiter 2). In his extra tranquil element Jupiter could be referred to as serenus (as Vespasian is in l. 20). The adjective turbidus (m. or f. ) within the Argonautica is usually put (seven occasions) because the final notice yet one within the line, as the following and 747 lower than, and within the final 3 situations in the beginning.